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Emmanuelle Polack

“Les écoles professionnelles de l’ORT-France et la transmission du judaïsme, 1921-1949”

“Les écoles professionnelles de l’ORT-France et la transmission du judaïsme, 1921-1949”

Starting from new archives, the author recounts the changes in conceiving a way to transmit the Jewish particularism in ORT France professional schools. This organisation is at first strongly determined to keep to its mission of teaching in order to reach a better professional integration of the Jews in the economical domain of the receiving countries, and does not care very much to keep the Jewish particularisms. But then it becomes aware, because of the second World War, of the urge to add to its first professional teaching aims the transmission of a Jewish belonging – exclusively cultural – without referring to religion or Israel as a state – trying to find a meaning to this mocked identity. Besides, the setting up – restricted as to the time devoted and the efficiency – of teaching Jewish history and Hebrew at school, this concern is mainly dealt with through activities outside school offered by socio-educational centers often contiguous as in Strasbourg, and main part played by of France ORT in the creation in Paris in 1949 of the Jewish museum of popular art.

PLAN DE L’ARTICLE

  • Avant-guerre : la religion du travail manuel
  • La guerre : une situation d’urgence
  • L’immédiat après-guerre : priorité à la formation professionnelle de la jeunesse, mais dans une ambiance juive
  • Le « minimum commun » de l’ORT-France
  • Les activités périscolaires : une occasion d’affirmer l’identité juive
  • En filigrane, des liens avec Israël
  • Archives et Musée d’art populaire juif

Article d’Emmanuelle Polack « Les écoles professionnelles de l’ORT-France et la transmission du judaïsme, 1921-1949 », Archives Juives 2/2002 (Vol. 35), p. 60-76.
www.cairn.info/revue-archives-juives-2002-2-page-60.htm.